Foraging for Wild Garlic

Wild Garlic

Spring is in full force! It’s time to forage dandelion root, burdock, fiddleheads and wild garlic. Too busy for writing these days with all of my free-time in the fields, gullies or the bush. The fiddleheads are almost done and the wild garlic season will be over soon too. Make sure to get out and enjoy all that nature has to offer! 🙂

Korean Burdock Tea – 우엉차

Burdock Tea

Korean Burdock Tea – 우엉차

Burdock Root

Burdock Tea (우엉차) is a medicinal beverage commonly found in both South Korea as well as Japan. Burdock tea has a subtle earthy and flavour that’s reminiscent of ginseng.

It’s said that burdock tea is beneficial for weight loss, improved blood circulation, relieving constipation, as well as having anti-cancerous properties. However I encourage you to do your own research before using burdock for it’s medicinal properties.

*Pregnant women should avoid burdock.

Ingredients:

  • Burdock Root
  • Water

Instructions:

To use as a tea, pour 1 cup of boiling water over 1teaspoon of burdock root. Cover and let steep for 3 to 5 minutes.

To make a decoction, add 1 teaspoon of burdock root to one cup of water, bring to a boil and simmer for 10 to 15 minutes.

1. Scrub burdock root and slice thinly with a knife, a mandoline or a vegetable peeler.

Burdock Root

2. Dehydrate burdock on the lowest setting. At 95◦F it took about 8 hours however time will vary depending on humidity and other factors.

If using an oven, lay the burdock on baking sheets and set the oven to it’s lowest setting while leaving the door slightly afar.

Once the burdock is fully dried it should snap clean when bending.

Dehydrating Burdock

3. Store burdock in an airtight container.

Dried Burdock Root

4. You can make tea with dehydrated burdock root, or after dehydrating toast the dried root gently for a richer flavour.

Toasting the Dried Burdock

5. Steep the root in boiled water for at least 5 minutes. For a deeper flavour, boil the root in water and let steep for a few hours before serving.

Steeping the Burdock

6. Strain the burdock root and enjoy!

Burdock Tea

Birch Polypore – Medicinal Wild Mushroom

Birch Polypore a.k.a. Razor Strop

LATIN NAME: Piptoporus betulinus

COMMON NAMES: Birch Polypore, Birch Bracket, or Razor Strop

ECOLOGY: Birch Polypore is the most common polyporous racket fungi. Growing best in cold climates, it can be found almost exclusively in the Northern Hemisphere anywhere you find birch trees. While it grows mostly on dead birch trees, logs or branches, you can sometimes find them on living trees.

IDENTIFYING FEATURES:

Birch Polypore printBirch polypore has a rather nice mushroomy smell although the taste is very bitter.

Caps can range from 5 cm to almost a foot long starting out as little white bumps, turning into soft but rubbery bulbous protrusions. As they grow older, they become flat, kidney-shaped and tough.

The upper skin tends to be soft, smooth and white when young. As it ages, the skin remains smooth but it becomes  browner. As the skin of the cap reaches the pore surface, you’ll notice that there tends to be a slight rim. Eventually the skin will crack and peel away from the flesh.

The flesh itself is white while the pore surface begins as white but changes to a grayish-brown as it ages.

Like it’s name suggests, the birch polypore doesn’t have gills. Instead, it has hundreds of tubes with tiny pores showing on it’s underside. The pore surface will be white, turning to grey and eventually black. The spore print is also white.

There is often no visible stem, however if there is one it will be stubby and short.

SMELL:  Fresh and mushroomy

TASTE:  Bitter

MEDICINAL VALUE:

  • immune boosting,
  • anti-parasitic,
  • anti-septic,
  • anti-viral,
  • anti-inflammatory
  • anti-bacterial,
  • anti-styptic,
  • anti-tumorous,
  • anti-parasitic.

 

HARVESTING BIRCH POLYPORE:

An annual fungi, the lifespan of birch polypore can reach up to a little over a year and you can easily find young specimens growing late into the fall.

If you plan on eating the mushrooms, you should harvest them when they are very young, round and tender. As they grow bigger, Birch Polypore becomes so tough that they can only be used for teas and tinctures.

mushroom knifeWhen young, they tend to be more  rubbery making it necessary to cut the stems with a sharp knife to prevent the fruit from going squishy. As they grow older and firmer, you can usually snap them off by hand.

When harvesting older specimens, make sure that the porous underside is nice, clean and white or ivory coloured. You also want to avoid specimens that have a lot of bugs in them. The porous surface should be nice and clean looking.

HOW TO PREPARE BIRCH POLYPORE:

While young specimens are supposed to be edible, I tend to use a hot water extraction method.

mushroom brushAfter harvesting, you can clean and prepare the mushrooms right away or let them sit pore-side up in the sun for a day to boost their vitamin D content.

Remove the dirt off with a mushroom brush or vegetable scrubber and then slice the polypore into thin strips. At this point, you can use the mushrooms right away or dry them for later use.

If weather permits, continue to dry the mushrooms in the sun until they lose their pliability and snap easily when bent.

excalibur flippedAnother option is to dehydrate the slivers of mushrooms. Use the lowest setting and dry until they break when bent. After letting them air out a bit to remove any possibility for condensation build-up, store the dehydrated mushroom slivers in glass jars or another airtight container.Dehydrated mushrooms can be stored almost indefinitely.

HOT WATER EXTRACTION:

Making mushroom tea is a good way to extract the flavour and nutrients from tough, woody or rubbery mushrooms like birch polypore, turkey tail, chaga and other fungi that are too tough or leathery to eat.

Once the mushrooms have been cleaned and prepared, you’ll want to simmer them in hot water to release the medicinal properties. Bring water to a boil and then reduce head to a simmer before adding your birch polypore.

While many advise letting the mushroom simmer for at least an hour, I recommend a maximum of 15 to 20 minutes to avoid having the tea become too bitter. Drink your birch polypore tea right away or save it for later use.

Birch polypore tea can be kept in the fridge for a few days or frozen into ice cubes.  Add the liquid or ice cubes to soup or stews to enhance the medicinal value of your meals while masking the bitter flavour.

Another great idea is to add the frozen tea to fruit smoothies. Yum!

OTHER USES: 

  • Sharpen Blades: Use the inner flesh of birch polypore to sharpen knives the same way you would use a sharpening stone (hence the name “Razor Strop”).
  • Field Plaster: Cut a strip off the underside and use it as a makeshift bandaid or self-adhesive antiseptic field plaster.
  • Tinder: Use dried out slivers as tinder.

INTERESTING FACTS:

otziWhile it’s been used for thousands of years, birch polypore shot to fame when it was found along with the body of ‘Ötzi’, a 5300 year old mummy discovered by two German tourists hiking in the Alps between the borders of Austria and Italy. It’s believed that Ötzi – who was suffering from Lyme disease – might have used the mushrooms to help clear parasitic worms from the stomach and the digestive system. 

*Click here to learn more about Ötzi the Iceman!

The Wild Mushroom Lady

Cleaning Boletes

 

new pic Lin - flipped.jpgUpon returning to Canada in 2016, I had the chance to meet up with Lin Timbers – The Wild Mushroom Lady – in Bancroft, Ontario.

Lin’s wild mushroom workshops – hosted by Bedrock and Brambles in Gooderham, Ontario – provide an awesome introduction to foraging. By the end of the day, we had all of the information and confidence we needed to start foraging wild mushrooms on our own!

The workshop started with an introduction to some beginner mushrooms – such as boletes, chanterelles, and a few others. Then we moved into a few of the poisonous varieties, precautions, signs and symptoms and what to do in case of an emergency.

Cleaning Wild Mushrooms

Thanks to the lessons-learned that day and all of the wonderful follow-up and support provided on Lin’s Facebook page,  I was able to continue foraging for all sorts of wild mushrooms including a number of boletes, lobster mushrooms, honey mushrooms, oysters, birch polypore, chaga and a whole lot more!

Kira – from Bedrock and Brambles –  also introduced us to a number of edible wild flowers and weeds growing around her farm, including medicinal wild herbs and how to prepare them.

One of the highlights of the day had to be the food (of course!) Kira prepared a lovely kombucha, stinging nettle soup,  garlic scape pesto, a wild salad, desserts and of course our mushroom finds were sauteed with butter and served up individually so we could sample all of the different flavours. What a treat!

Following the workshop, I was invited to spend the weekend with Lin. Excited for the chance to cook together, I lugged out my tripod and Hungarian cookware which we used to make stir-fry for dinner. For breakfast  we  had the most delicious breakfast made up of French toast, maple flavoured bacon, sauteed chanterelles and daylily buds. Yum!

If you’d like to learn more about foraging for wild mushrooms, make sure to follow The Wild Mushroom Lady on Facebook. Or, if you’re planning a visit to the County of Haliburton sign up for a workshop with Lin and Kira!

Stay tuned for an upcoming post featuring Kira’s delicious stinging nettle soup!

St John's Wort (Hypericum perforatum)

Joe Pye Weed (Eupatorium purpureum)

Feverfew